Superlatives of the World – Biggest, Highest, Largest, Longest, Smallest etc.

superlatives of the world

List of the superlatives of the world: Worlds largest, biggest, longest, shortest, smallest animals, buildings, water bodies, city etc. General Knowledge plays a very important role in competitive exams like SSC-CGL, UPSC, WBCS, State-PSC etc. So we should have a depth in this section for better scoring in the exams.

superlatives of the world

Superlatives of the World:

  • Largest Continent – Asia
  • Smallest Continent – Australia
  • Largest Country (in area) – Russia
  • Largest Country (in population) – China
  • Smallest Country (in population) – Vatican City, Rome
  • Smallest Country (in area) – Vatican City, Rome
  • Largest City (in population) – Tokyo (3,43,00,000 – 2011)
  • Largest City (in area) – Mount Isa; Queensland, Australia (41,225 sq. km)
  • Highest Capital City – La Paz; Bolivia
  • Smallest City (in population) – Vatican City, Rome
  • Smallest City (in area) – Vatican City, Rome
  • Highest City – Wen Chuan (Tibet, China), 16,732 ft.


  • Highest Plateau – Pamir; Tibet
  • Largest Desert in the world – Sahara; Africa (84,00,000 sq. km)
  • Largest Asian Desert – Gobi; Mongolia
  • Highest Mountain Peak in the world – Everest; Nepal (29,035 ft/8,850 m)
  • Highest Mountain Range – The Himalayas
  • Longest Mountain Range – The Andes; South America (about 7,000 km in length)
  • Largest Volcano – Mauna Loa; Hawaii
  • Highest Volcano – Ojos del Salado; The Andes, Argentine-Cille (6,885 m)


General Knowledge: Firsts in the World (male & Female)


  • The Deepest & Biggest Ocean – The Pacific Ocean
  • Smallest Ocean – Arctic Ocean (5.4 million square miles)
  • Longest River – Nile (6,690 km)
  • Largest River in volume – Amazon, Brazil
  • Longest River Dam – Hirakud Dam; Odisha, India (15.8 miles)
  • Largest Dam – The Three Gorges Dam in Hubei Province, China (1.4 miles wide & 630 feet high)
  • Tallest Dam – Jinping-I Dam in China. (305 m)
  • Largest River Basin – Amazon basin (27,20,000 sq. miles)


  • Largest Coral formation – The Great Barrier Reef (Australia)
  • Highest Waterfall – Salto Angels Falls; Venezuela (979 meters)
  • Largest Delta in the world – Sundarbans; India (8,000 sq. miles)
  • Largest Island – Greenland – (840,004 sq. miles) (2,175,600 sq. km)
  • Largest Sea (Inland) – Caspian Sea (1,43,200 sq. miles)
  • Largest Fresh Water Lake – Lake Superior; USA
  • Largest Salt Water Lake – Caspian Sea (4,22,000 sq. km)
  • Highest Lake – Titicaca; Bolivia (12,645 ft. above sea level)
  • Deepest Lake – Baikal (Siberia, Russia); depth 5,314 feet
  • Largest Artificial Lake – Lake Volta (Ghana)
  • Longest Big Ship Canal – Suez Canal (Linking Red Sea & Mediterranean)
  • World’s Rainiest spot – Cherrapunji (Mawsynram), India


Superlatives of India – Biggest, Highest, Largest, Longest, Smallest etc.


  • Oldest Epic of the world – The Ramayana by Valmiki
  • Biggest Museum – British Museum (London)
  • Biggest Library – National Kiev Library; Moscow & Library of the Congress; Washington
  • Largest Palace – Imperial Palace; Beijing, China
  • Biggest Cinema House – Roxy; New York
  • Largest Park – National Park; Greenland
  • Biggest Bell – Great Bell at Moscow
  • Tallest statue – Spring Temple Buddha; China (420 ft.)
  • Tallest Building – Burj Khalifa; Dubai
  • Tallest Office Building – Twin Towers; Malaysia
  • Tallest Minaret (Free Standing) – Qutub Minar; India (238 ft.)
  • Longest Wall – The Great Wall of China (1500 miles)


  • Longest Railway – Trans-Siberian Railways (5,772 miles long)
  • Longest Railway Platform – Gorakhpur; Uttar Pradesh, India, (1355.4 m)
  • Largest Railway Platform – Grand Central Terminal; New York, USA
  • Longest Railway Bridge – Lower Zambezi; Africa
  • Longest & Deepest Railway Tunnel – Seikan Tunnel; Japan (53.85 km)
  • Longest Road Tunnel – Laerdal, Norway
  • Longest overland tunnel – Switzerland


  • Longest Day of the year – 21 June (in Northern Hemisphere)
  • Shortest Day of the year – 22 December (in Northern Hemisphere)


  • Largest Mammal – Whale
  • Tallest Animal (on land) – Giraffe
  • Longest Animal – Blue Whale (recorded length 106 feet, weight-195 tons)
  • Largest Animal (on land) – African Bush Elephant
  • Fastest Animal – Cheetah or Leopard (70 miles per hour)
  • Slowest Animal – Three-Toed Sloth
  • Most Intelligent Animal – Chimpanzee
  • Largest Animal of the Cat family – Lion


If I forget to mention any other important superlatives of the world, dear readers, it’s my humble request please write down in the comment section below. Without your support One Xtra Paper is nothing. Contribute this blog to make it the best.

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11 Comments on “Superlatives of the World – Biggest, Highest, Largest, Longest, Smallest etc.”

    1. The post has been updated with some new entries and corrections. Grand Coulee is one of the biggest dams in the world. In terms of volume of reservoir The Three Gorges Dam in Hubei Province, China (1.4 miles wide & 630 feet high) is the largest hydroelectric dam in the world. It has the power capacity of 22,500 MEGA WATT.

  1. sorry but largest animal of cat family is tiger not lion.
    Tigers (Panthera tigris), specifically the Amur Tigers, are the largest cats, weighing in at up to 305 kg (671 lbs). 

    However, the tiger subspecies vary considerably in size. The smaller island tigers max out at around 140 kg (309 lbs). 

    Lions (Panthera leo) are next in size, reaching up to 225 kg (495 lbs). 

    All the other big cats are small by comparision: 

    – Jaguars (Panthera onca) get up to about 100 kg (220 lbs).

    – Pumas (Puma concolor) reach only about 85 kg (187 lbs). 

    – Even the largest Leopards (Panthera pardus) are only about 80 kg (176 lbs). 

    – Snow Leopards (Uncia uncia) are even smaller at about 55 kg (121 lbs). 

    – And finally, Cheetahs (Acinonyx jubatus), the smallest of the big cats, get up to about 45 kg (99 lbs).

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