Parts of Speech is the most basic topic in English Grammar. We all know about Parts of Speech since our school days. Now you might be thinking why you are here to read the same story. Obviously, there are some reasons that I am writing this post. Most of us have been taught this topic in an old school way. We have learned that anything that represents the name of a living creature, object, and place is a noun. But how many of us know that actions, qualities, the state of existence or ideas are also nouns. The same thing goes for remaining parts of speech.
So, in this post, we are going to learn Parts of Speech again in a different and descriptive way.
What is Parts of Speech?
A language is consists of different types of words & these words can be grouped into different categories based on what role they perform in a sentence.
Words may be represented by the name of someone or something, work like studying, swimming, sleeping etc. Sometimes words may define our expressions, emotions and so on.
So these different types of word categories are collectively known as Parts of Speech.
Importance of Parts of Speech in English Grammar:
Parts of Speech is the core of English language. A sentence is formed by a group of words or sometimes by a word. Every word belongs to any one of the eight parts of speech.
- “Joseph is very intelligent.”
In this sentence, ‘Joseph‘ is a noun, ‘is‘ belongs to the verb, ‘very‘ is an adverb and ‘intelligent‘ is an adjective word.
Now we can’t make a sentence without knowing the use of parts of speech because to make an errorless sentence we must know the interrelation between them.
Classification of Parts of Speech:
Words in the English language are classified into eight parts of speech,
Any word that represents a name is a noun. So the noun is a naming word. It indicates the name of a person or any living creature, objects, places, action, qualities, and state of existence or ideas.
- Rachana is an intelligent girl. (defines a person)
- The dog is barking. (defines a living creature)
- The book is on the table. (defines an object)
- Kolkata is a beautiful place. (defines a place)
- Your smile is beautiful. (defines an action)
- Netaji’s patriotism inspires us. (defines a quality)
- Ramesh is my childhood friend. (defines the state of existence)
You should read:
Pronouns are used in place of nouns. We use pronoun often to avoid repeating nouns.
- Ram reads in class ten. Ram is a good student. Ram stand first in his class.
We use the word ‘Ram’ three times above. This doesn’t sound good while reading the name in every sentence.
Now if we improve the above example by placing the pronoun ‘he’ instead of ‘Ram’, it becomes –
- Ram reads in class ten. He is a good student. He stands first in his class.
Now it sounds well without repeating the noun word constantly.
To know about the usage of different types of pronouns, you should read –
A verb is a doing word. It is a word that conveys an action (bring, read, walk, run, learn), an occurrence (happen, become), or a state of being (be, exist, stand).
- He does his duty regularly. (conveys an action)
- I read the newspaper daily. (conveys an action)
- I am very shy. (state of being)
An adjective denotes quality, quantity, condition, degree, and the number of a Noun or a Pronoun.
- She is a good dancer.
- How many students are in the class?
- Give me some time.
An adverb is a word used to modify any parts of speech, except a Noun, a Pronoun, and an Interjection.
- She walks slowly. (Adverb modifies a verb slow)
- He is a very intelligent student. (Adverb modifies an adjective intelligent)
- She walks very slowly. (Adverb modifies another adverb slowly)
- The bird flew exactly over his head. (Adverb modifies a preposition over)
- I don’t like her simply because of her rude behavior. (Adverb modifies a conjunction because)
A preposition is a word that is placed before a Noun or a Pronoun to show the relation of that Noun or Pronoun with any other word of the sentence.
on, over, above, under, in, into etc. are examples of a preposition.
- The book is on the table.
- The man sits under the tree.
- The cat is under the table.
A conjunction is a word (like and, also, both, too, but, not only…but also etc.) used for joining two words, phrases or clauses.
- Ram and Shyam are good friends.
- Ram is not only a good painter but also a singer.
An interjection is merely an exclamatory word thrown into a sentence to denote some strong feeling or emotion.
- Ah! What a fun.
- Oh! You are so annoying.
The above writing shows a simple concept, it’s not enough for understanding the eight parts of speech, their uses & characteristics. Parts of speech is the most fundamental concept of understanding English grammar. So it is recommended to follow every link given at the end of every short discussion. To score well in competitive exams like Bank, SSC, State-PSC etc. you need to perform very well in the English section. Stay focused, learn with pleasure and perform wisely.
Best of luck my dear readers…